1659 Census of Ireland
The 1659 Census
Showing All county locations and surnames as they originally appeared.
Family Locations in Ireland
This census gives the county of location for every surname, exactly as it was found in the census of 1659 in Ireland, in the spelling of the day. Great for locating names to a specific county for further research on finding the location of your family in Ireland. Very Good for understanding the spelling of the names in Ireland, as all original spellings are given. Includes Scots, English and settler names as well as native Irish. Spiral bound for easy lay flat binding, with heavier cover. A research aid original from the Irish Genealogical Foundation. Once the county of origin has been determined, you can then move on to research within the county, including the local heritage centres. Great reference source for the study of surname spellings and language in Ireland.
What you might find
This resource tells you where the family is found in the 1600's, and hence where they may be in the 1800's. Another great lead to follow in your family search. Of course, the numerous and popular Irish families are given here, sometimes under rare spellings. Quin may be found as Quine; O'Banion as O'Banon; OByrne or O'Brien as OBryn; Clark as Cleark; O'Rielly as O'Rely; McClelland and McClealand; Kelly is often found as O'Kelly and Neal is sometimes found as O'Neall.
Perhaps even more importantly, rarer families are shown along with the county of location. Here are a few of the lesser known families shown: Aghwell; Arberry; Ardenton; Baly; Beale; Bent; Bound; Bull; Burly; Cinch; Clone; Digby; Dreiling; End; Fitzmorish; Freind; Gash; Gore; Greatrakes; Hamptin; Hewes; Keygin; Midleton; Montray; Newbolt; Prout; Sime; Weathers; Whitt; Wyatt, and Younge. Note that some of these are rare spellings of more common names. Here, they are located some 350 years ago in Ireland, perhaps making your research easier.
Includes both old Irish and settler families of the day. This is a primary source for locating surnames in the 17th century.
In this work you will find the listings of surnames and locations taken from the 'census' of Ireland in 1659 and names found in the Poll Money Ordnance papers of 1660-1661.
Scots, English and Irish
The original documents hold even more information. The census also enumerates the number of (new?) Scotch and English settlers in Ireland. The 'Scotch' are found widespread in Ulster, with the exception of Co. Monaghan & most of Co. Antrim, where only the barony of Glenarm shows Scots settlement.
The designation as Scotch or English is vague. It may refer to those who use 'the' language, or it may refer to those who have recently settled in Ireland, earlier settlers now being thought of as Irish. Scots settlement is also shown in Agha parish, barony of Lower Ormond in Tipperary and in the barony of Granard in Longford. Only Coolavin barony in Co. Sligo gives no English settlers.
This census gives no Scotch settlers in the provinces of Munster & Connaught, where the Irish outnumbered the English by a 10 to one ratio. In Ulster the ratio is 1 1/2 Irishmen to every 1 Englishman/Scotsman. In Leinster it was 5 1/2 Irishmen to 1 Englishman/Scotsman. Hardinge estimated the overall ratio was 5 to 1, but figures suggest it may have been 7 Irish to 1 settler total.
Discovered in 1864
W. H. Hardinge announced discovery of the '1659' census in 1864. He believed it was compiled in 1654-1659, by Petty, during his well known survey. (The 'civil survey' preceeds this survey by a few years.). It may have been a preliminary survey for a better work to follow, and it may have been used to help satisfy transplantation complaints of new citizens being 'settled' here. Thus we have the emphasis on English, Scotch, Irish and the (Pn) principal surname of Irish families in each area.
Hardinge gave the estimated population of Ireland at some 500,000 based upon this census. (Thom's Almanac gave an unsure figure of 1,320,000).
It is incomplete, for we have no surviving returns for Cavan, Galway, Mayo, Tyrone, Wicklow and none for 4 baronies in Cork and 9 baronies in Meath.
Please note that spellings were often different in the 17th century. This is true for both family names and place names in Ireland. Consult the 'Master Book of Irish Surnames' for examples and note that Mac, Mc, and O' may appear before your name in 1659 even though it does not today.
The Final Word
This resource will help pinpoint the location of Irish families by county in the 17th century. This works much like the birth index of Ireland does in the 19th century. It will be particularly helpful to those trying to find where the family name is located, as most families remained in the same area for generations. Many families were displaced in this time period however, and it may point to where the family originally came from in Ireland before being driven to other counties Ireland. Great resource for the study of Irish names and spelling variants.
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