Journal of Irish Families
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Conquest of Ireland: An Historical Account of the Plantation in Ulster
Conquest of Ireland: An Historical Account of the Plantation in Ulster
The Conquest of Ireland 'An Historical and Genealogical Account of The Plantation in Ulster' with names of Catholics and Protestants Affected. by the Rev. George Hill * Irish , Scots Irish, & English settlers from 1609 +. A one of a Kind resource
Includes Rare Land Owner Records and Historical Notations The Complete Set
This is the four volume archival set, hardbound and gold stamped, with decorated endsheets in each book. It contains the rare records of the great change in land ownership and power in Ireland. It tells the story of the old Irish families losing their land, and the new settlers who assumed it. A one-of-a-kind genealogical record. The specific names and locations of the landowners are given. It is a primary source of information for those fortunate enough to refer to copies of the surviving volume by Rev. G. Hill.
Rare Manuscripts & State Papers
The author introduces his work as follows "The contents of this volume (vol. 1), may be described, in general terms, as a compilation from State Papers relating to the Plantation of Ulster... the Calendars of the Carew Manuscripts, and of other important collections of Irish State Papers". Before the Carew Manuscripts little was known of the seven year struggle (1595 - 1602). For a time before 1588 English rule was actually rather mysteriously popular, and Shane O'Neill was finally defeated in 1567 by the O'Donnells rather than the government.
The plantation records around these events were of such value and variety, that Hill prepared a history based upon and including these manuscripts. The records were taken from the Patent Rolls of the Period, the Inquisitions of Ulster, The Barony Maps of 1609, and other original sources. The publication of this history and those documents is of inestimable value to us today.
All Lands Lost
Quoting the text we find that: "With only two, or perhaps three exceptions, every native landlord, and every native tenant within the bounds of the six counties was dispossessed and displaced; and although a few of both classes were afterwards permitted to share slightly in the great land-spoil, it was only in some other and less attractive localities than their own". Indeed many would eventually come to the shores of North America and other foreign lands as a result of this loss.
Of the main families the records show that the Maguires (or McGuires) who occupied Fermanagh; The O'Hanlons who occupied ONealan and Orior; The Macanas or the McCanns of Clann Breasail (Clanbrazill); and the MacMahons of Monaghan; the ORiellys, the O'Cahans and others, had a long and distinguished history. How had several families in the area 'disappeared' by the 19th century ?
Volume 1 shows Ireland and her families as the were before the fall, and as the plantation began. Volumes II, III & IV give even more specific details, right down to Pynnars record of each plot of land after the upheaval. Priceless as a record of the transfer of land to new owners in Ireland. The 19th century historical footnotes are a history unto themselves. The new surname index added to each volume is invaluable to researchers. The latter is available only in this edition, published by the Irish Genealogical Foundation.
Volume 1 - The Fall of Irish Chiefs and Clans.
(268 pages) O-940134-42-X. This outstanding work gives us information on individual families and conditions before and during the settlement of Ireland in the 17th century. Specific individuals and sources are given, of great interest to family researchers and historians. These specifics are lacking in other books and resources. Among items of interest to family researchers are the lists of jurors, the rent rolls, and the lists of those applying to undertake the settlement (undertakers), and the lists of soldiers. The actions taken on the land then, are still evident today. If you would understand Ireland, you need to understand how this all began. (See Index at end of listing).
This volume includes the following sections:
Ulster Before the Fall.
The Orders to Begin the transfer of land
The Project of settling new landholders
Doubts, Delays, and problems
How The Authorities Worked
Specific Names, Results and Arrangements
(New IGF surname index).
The largest and most important volume in the series, it lays the ground work for understanding who and what was involved in this settlement of Ireland.This book documents the families and conditions before and during the settlement of Ireland in the 17th century. Specific individuals and sources are given here, of great interest to family researchers and historians. Among items of interest to family researchers are lists of jurors, rent rolls, list of those applying to undertake the settlement (undertakers), and list of soldiers. The actions taken here are still evident in Ireland today, and it would do every interested person to understand how it all began.
Specific list of jurors and list of those with lands are given thusly "6th July, 1609.. applications are made by: James Carmichaell, of Pottieshaw, in name of David Carmichaell his son, with Mr. John Ross, burgess of Glasgow, as cautioner, 1,000 acres". "George Murray, of Bruchtoun,with Alexander Dumbar, of Egirnes...2,000 acres".
Volume 2 - Names in the Land Grants.
Itemized land grants to English, Scots, and Irish. Identity of the specific persons, location of lands, with historical commentary.
(107 pages) 0-940134-44-6 Footnoted. The Land Grants in this work are taken from the Patent Rolls of the reign of James I and from the printed Ulster Inquisitions. The book is most importantly arranged with the following sections:
Land Grants for the English (Undertakers), complete with names.
Land Grants for the Scottish (Undertakers), complete with names
Land Grants for the Servitors, complete with names
Land Grants to the Native Irish, complete with names
The names of specific persons and specific locations in the land grants is of immense interest to family researchers. The wealth of information in the footnotes brings daily history to life for us all. The land grants are of differing lengths, and one short example in Co. Tyrone follows: Grant to Neale OQuin, gent., Ballineloughy, one balliboe, containing 60 acres. Rent, 13 s. Important Notations
We are not left with only the dry 'census' type information here. Take the example of Sir Richard Waldron, who is given with lands in the Precinct of Loughtee, in County Cavan. Below the listings of his lands we find footnotes telling us that Richard was the son of John Waldron, that he became a knight, that there is record of a petition from him in 1610, and that his son, Thomas Waldron came to live on the land there as well. This type of commentary is often given on families found in the records.
(see index at end of listing) Name Changes
We also find many notations on family names and the spelling of the same. Take the name Smelhome on the land record, which this book also tells us is found as Smailholme in Scotland, and as Smethorne in an inquisition in 1629. Take the name of 'Cooke', which was an alias of 'Gray' for one settler; and the name Calefield which was also spelled as Caulfield. Very helpful information if you are trying to trace someone in the family
Volume 3 - Londonderry Lands and Families.
(101 pages) 0-940134-45-4. A rare record of events as they happened. The infamous Londoners' plantation and settlement of Ireland. Irish septs misplaced lands and the misdeeds of some of those who took the land....
This book tells the story of the Londoners coming to settle in Ireland. The settlement included the lands of: Loughinsholin, which had previously belonged to Tyrone; the old county of Coleraine which had belonged to OCahane; a small portion of the county of Donegal, including the island on which the city of Derry stood; and a small portion of County Antrim adjoining Coleraine. These were handed over to twelve London companies for plantation ... and united to form the the present county of Londonderry (Derry). Fall of Local Chieftains
The chief early Irish septs of this area were the OCahanes (Cahan or Kane), the OMullanes (Mullens or Mullins), the Magilliganes (Gilligan), and the McCloskies (McClusky).(See book index for full listings).
The background of the various Irish septs are given with notes on their status at that time. Important notes on persons and names are also given. For example, O'Cahan is found ridiculously translated as 'Quyvally'; the story of how John O'Reilly became the 'Queens' O'Reilly; Mr. Canning we are told, had a wife named Anne who was the daughter of Gilbert Walker, of Walford, in Worcester, and they had three sons, and so on...
Here we also find footnotes to the text, telling us that Tristam Beresford was one of seven sons of Michael Beresford and Rose Knevitt, from the parish of Westram in the County of Kent. The footnotes go beyond these kinds of notes, into everyday life and customs of the day.
Volume 4 - A Special Census of Ireland; Pynnars Survey.
(164 p) 0940134659 Pynnars Survey was to provide a report on each owner of land and its status in Counties Armagh, Tyrone, Donegal, Cavan, Fermanagh;......
Pynnars Survey gives us the real names of landholders, and the location/ condition of their property in Ireland. This includes Counties Armagh, Tyrone, Donegal, Cavan, and Fermanagh with notes on Londonderry. It was originally compiled as a result of the 17th century plantation of Ireland (1609+). A landholders census record, it set about to give us the results of the 'planting' of families from outside Ireland onto Irish lands. Here, Pynnar gives us the name and condition of Undertakers, servitors, and principal natives on these Ulster lands. The footnotes by Hill are of particular note, at times bringing updates into the 19th century.
A sample from a small entry follows: Sir Alexander Hamilton(55) the first patentee. Jane Hamilton (56), late wife to Claude Hamilton, deceased, hath 2,000 acres, called Carrotobber and Clonkine. Upon this Proportion there is a strong castle, and a Bawne of Lime and Stone thouroughly finished with her family living there (....and in the over 1/2 page of footnotes on this family are given other inhabitants in 1629, namely George Griffin, Francis Cofyn, Stephen Hunt, and Richard Lighterfoot, all of whom had been granted deeds.)
As throughout this whole series, there are many notes on family names, locations and backgrounds. Of the name of John Whisher, Hill gives that it is 'now' written as Wishart, and that Carew writes it as Wyhard, and that he had returned to Scotland and returned and suffered many misfortunes. We also find lists of tenants who were not landowners in addition to the 'census' type material. This volume is very useful, to historians and family researchers today.
The Final Word
From the works of George Hill on the 17th century settlement of Ulster (1609+), the entire text includes family history records and enlightening 19th century commentary. This 4 volume set is entitled 'The Conquest of Ireland, an historical and genealogical account of the plantation in Ulster'. It is published here complete due to its importance to Historical and Genealogical Research.
Each of the 4 volumes are Hardbound with sewn bindings for long life. All four covers are Gold Stamped and illustrated, each with different celtic lettering from the Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters. Decorative endsheets. Special surname index included for the first time in each book. Approx. size 7'' x 10''. Published by the Irish Genealogical Foundation (2004). First IGF edition, First IGF printing.