Posts Tagged “Vikings”

Irish Hedge Row History. Session #10
Two Thousand Years of Irish History
From the Hedge School at www.Irishroots.com

Today:  The Vikings Settle Down in Ireland;
Battles, Norse, Danes, Normandy and more

Listen to the complete Hedge Row History Series here:
http://www.irishroots.com/content/view/105/158/
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See all of our sessions on Genealogy; Song; Travel;
Language; and History at the Hedge School here:
http://web.mac.com/irishpat/IrishRootsCafe/Hedge_School.html
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My Random notes on todays show:

Friend and Foe to Irish
It seems it did not take long for the Vikings to begin settling into the
Irish way of life.  By the 9th century we find written record of military
cooperation between the Vikings and the Irish.  We talked a bit about
this on todays show.  We also note things like fortified Viking positions
on Lough Ree, and both sides of Shannon river.  This is in contrast to
strictly hit and run raids earlier……

Irish Fight Back
Finally, Overking Mael Sechnaill of Ui Neill captures Turgesius and drowns
him in Lough Owel.  Other Vikings continue. Turgesius much exaggerated
in history by the Dalcassions.
Vikings now at fixed positions in settlements, easier targets !
They were defeated at Osraige, Dublin, Skreen, Castledermot, and Cork by
1849.

Viking Battles Viking
Fleets of ships arrive, Vikings begin to fight one another.
Fleet of Danes arrive in Dublin, probably from England, attack Dublin Vikings.
The Norse ships attack Danes at Carlingford Lough, but were defeated even
though some Irish were supporting Norse……
Viking settlement of Ireland noted…….. They attacked first in 8th century….
Vinking Settlement at Youghal, but Viking fleet was destroyed…………
Limerick Vikings destroyed by Connaughtmen at one point, perhaps several
times !
Vikings of Waterford, Wexford, St. Mullins, Destroyed.

Dublin Vikings already attacking Scotland.
Major Split among Vikings:
1) son of Ivar.
2) Sicfrith.: led to defeat in 902

Intermarriage
By mid 9th century intermarriage was common…………..
After 860 the term ‘pagan’ disappears, but returns with new invasions of 10th c.

Second Viking Invasions
Beginning in 10th century in Normandy- The Viking Rollo and the Danes settle in
Normandy and became Christian in return for lands.
Europe and England were now filled and stabilizing, so eyes turn back
to Ireland.  We see Vikings arriving not from Scandinavia, but from
Scotland and the Isles and N. England.

More Battles
Munster attacked and not prepared to defend, Irish marched to plain of
Cashel for battle, but indecisive. The King of Leinster was slain by Sitrics
forces.
Battle more between Irish and Sitric. but Irish badly defeated.
New King of Tara, Donnchad, raided Dublin and the Norse.
Dublin Norse held power, but also turned towards York
Major Attack on Armagh too place……
Dublin Vikings attack Vikings of Limerick to no avail.
Decade of Pirates on the Shannon, and on the North and NE Coast.
Vikings concentrating on wealth of York.

Scotland and Dublin

Irish King Muirchertach sails to Scotland and ‘ravaged’ the isles.
The greatness of Dublin had declined from around the mid 10th century
Stay tuned for the next session of “Irish Hedge Row History” with
the rise of the Dalcassions and Brian Boru…..    – Mike O’Laughlin

…….So end the notes from the Irish Hedge Row today.
You can see the entire series at www.Irishroots.com.
Advertisers and sponsors welcome of course !
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The Hedge School has 8 Broadcast series, including
Genealogy; History; Song; Travel; and Language.

All available on the iTunes Irish provider page (click below):
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You can reach the Irish Roots Cafe on Twitter and Facebook.
Also at www.IrishRoots.com and by mail at our U.S. location:

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Box 7575
Kansas City, Missouri 64116
Leave a message on our Phone (816) 256-3360

Contact us for speaking engagements,
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©2010 IGF, This information is intended
for personal non-commercial use only.
Please apply for any other usage in writing.

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Remember to keep the hedge growing –
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– Thank you.
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About Your Session Leaders

Both Michael and Peter are graduates of Rockhurst University,
and have given lectures, exhibits, tours, and educational
seminars relating to Ireland since 1984.

Peter Reilly Adams
Hedge School Instructor
Peter teaches at every level of education, and holds several
Degrees, including a Masters in Liberal Arts.  A New York City
native, he became a member of the Augustinian Recollect Order.
He served as Assistant to the Mayor; hosted the ‘Celtic Crossings’
radio show; and led tours to Ireland for 23 years from his home in
Kansas City, Kansas. Peter is a noted musician and vocalist.

Michael C. O’Laughlin
Poor Scholar
Mike O’Laughlin is the founder of the Irish hedge school.
He is the leading author and publisher of Irish Works
in the field of Irish Families, Genealogy and History.

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Irish Hedge Row History Session 10.
At the Irish Roots Cafe with www.Irishroots.com

Advance Shownotes.

Our First session on the Vikings in Ireland.
Session #010. Listen to this Hedge School podcasts here:
http://www.irishroots.com/content/view/105/158/

For an introduction to all of our Hedge School broadcast, click below:

http://web.mac.com/irishpat/IrishRootsCafe/Hedge_School.html

We have 7 distinct series on Irish topics like Genealogy; Song;
Irish America and Irish Language, all available on our home page.
_____________________________________________________
Here are some random notes for today, the podcast
covers much more. I recommend listening.
Thanks,
Mike O’Laughlin.
———————————————

This is the first of several in our series on the Vikings which
will culminate in the Battle of Clontarf.  The first two
episodes cover the Viking incursions in Ireland, and how
things progressed over time. The third covers Clontarf and
the battle between Irish chiefs and Vikings on both sides of
the conflict, including the fact and legend of Brian Boru.

Here are a few of my random notes on the show:

Conditions
Steady population growth and spread in NW Europe, Ireland
and Scandanavia.
Increasing trade with Europe for Scandinavia.  Natural course
for colonies was Scottish Isles, Faroes, and Iceland.  (Orkneys,
Hebrides…).
Viking ships had improved and the Pictish Navy had collapsed.

Earliest on record ?
A raid by someone on Hebrides and N. Ireland in 617, but who ?
Norse had farmed and fished Hebrides for some time.

First recorded Viking raid, same time as raids on England.
The Church on Lambay Island burned, and on west coast the
island monasteries of Inismurray and Inisbofin plundered.
Same year monastery at Iona attacked, again in 802 and 806
when 68 were slain.

Moving inland?
Annals of Ulster say Vikings burnt Inismurray and penetrated Roscommon.

No similar inland incursions for decades reported.
Those from  Iona built anew at Kells in Meath completed by 814.
Raids mainly on NE Ulster and west coast, moving southerly.

Mayo, Connemara, Kerry Raids
Quiet till 821 then to Irish Sea and Howth. By 823 they had
travelled the entire coastline of Ireland, including Sceilg, 8 mi. off
the Co. Kerry coast..
Armagh attacked twice in Same month.
Leinster and Munster attacked.

Tactics
Fast small, hit and run tactics. Irish Could not defend the entire
coastline, Irish did fight back as possible.
811 Raiding party slaughtered by Ulaid
812 ‘’             ‘’             ‘’           by Eoghanacht Loch Lein and U Mall

SOCIETY and CHURCH
First raids no impact on secular society as a whole.  For the first
25 years only 26 plunderings and violence by Vikings, but 87
acts of Violence among Irish tribes recorded.  The trade and
colonizing was the big thing… Monks were more affected and
writing over emphasized turmoil.

Monastic Wealth and Power
8th cent. Church was powerful and wealthy, hereditary office
was common with nepotism. Married Clergy common. Private
and Church property common owners.
Monastic dynasties formed, i.e. Clonmacnois.
In place before Vikings.
Pluralism, Abbot as head of several institutions growing.

Irish and Viking Plunder
Irish Kings already plundered monasteries and churches,
Monasteries went to war with each other, and contributed
to Kings and armies, Monastic cities were active and were
burnt and attacked for wealth, supplies and stock.

Raids more intense in Ireland, England, and Europe.
832 Louth  836 Southern Brega and took captives and
Connaght devasted.
837 – 60 Ship fleet arrives on the Boyne / 60 also on the Liffey
Vikings came up the the Shannon and the Erne  839:Fleet
on Lough Neagh as a base into the Midlands.  Vikings build
‘longphort’ ship enclosure at Dublin and at Louth….
Wintered at Dublin for first time. 1842; 2 more fleets arrive

(continued in next session of Irish Hedge Row History)

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…….So end the notes from the Hedge Row today.
You can see the entire series at
www.Irishroots.com. We have broadcast series
on Genealogy; Song; Language and Local History and more.

You can reach the Irish Roots Cafe on Twitter and Facebook.
Also at www.IrishRoots.com and by mail at our U.S. location:

The Irish Roots Cafe
Box 7575
Kansas City, Missouri 64116
Leave a message on our Phone (816) 256-3360

Contact Peter and Mike for speaking engagements,
exhibits, and educational events. Since 1984.
©2009 IGF, This information is intended
for personal non-commercial use only.
Please apply for any other usage in writing.

Remember to keep the hedge growing -
with your donation, subscription or membership.  Thank you.
________________________________________________

About Your Hedge School Teachers

Both Michael and Peter are graduates of Rockhurst University,
and have given lectures, exhibits, tours, and educational seminars
relating to Ireland since 1984.

Peter Reilly Adams
Peter  traces his roots to the County Fermanagh and County
Cavan. Growing up in the City of New York and influenced by
the Irish neigborhoods, he was educated in Catholic Schools
all his life and was a member of the Augustinian Recollect
Order. Now in Kansas City, Kansas, he has a Bacholar
Degree in  Philosophy, Theology and History and Masters
in Liberal Arts and Public Administration
He has taught at every level of education over the past 40
years and served as Assistant to the Mayor in Kansas City.
He was the host of the Irish Radio show, Celtic Crossings
and has led tours to Ireland for 23 years. He is a noted
musician and a talented vocalist.

Michael C. O’Laughlin
Mike descends from the O’Loughlins of Kilfenora, County Clare,
and the O’Donahues of Glenflesk, County Kerry. He also bears
Sullivan, Buckley, Kilmartin, Llewellyn and Kelliher roots; leads
tours to Ireland; and maintains a 3,000 volume Irish library, and
has authored more Irish books, newsletters and podcasts
than anyone in history*.
His public appearances include: National Public Radio
& television; Irish Family history seminars; Grand Marshall and
judge in St. Patricks Day parades; and as a founding member of
Irish cultural, bagpipe, and dance groups. He began the first
Irish Family history broadcast series on the web in 2006.

*60 books, 7 broadcast series with 200 + episodes,
300 newsletters, blogs, videos, DVD and CDs.

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