Irish Hedge Row History. Session #10
Two Thousand Years of Irish History
From the Hedge School at www.Irishroots.com
Today: The Vikings Settle Down in Ireland;
Battles, Norse, Danes, Normandy and more
Listen to the complete Hedge Row History Series here:
See all of our sessions on Genealogy; Song; Travel;
Language; and History at the Hedge School here:
My Random notes on todays show:
Friend and Foe to Irish
It seems it did not take long for the Vikings to begin settling into the
Irish way of life. By the 9th century we find written record of military
cooperation between the Vikings and the Irish. We talked a bit about
this on todays show. We also note things like fortified Viking positions
on Lough Ree, and both sides of Shannon river. This is in contrast to
strictly hit and run raids earlier……
Irish Fight Back
Finally, Overking Mael Sechnaill of Ui Neill captures Turgesius and drowns
him in Lough Owel. Other Vikings continue. Turgesius much exaggerated
in history by the Dalcassions.
Vikings now at fixed positions in settlements, easier targets !
They were defeated at Osraige, Dublin, Skreen, Castledermot, and Cork by
Viking Battles Viking
Fleets of ships arrive, Vikings begin to fight one another.
Fleet of Danes arrive in Dublin, probably from England, attack Dublin Vikings.
The Norse ships attack Danes at Carlingford Lough, but were defeated even
though some Irish were supporting Norse……
Viking settlement of Ireland noted…….. They attacked first in 8th century….
Vinking Settlement at Youghal, but Viking fleet was destroyed…………
Limerick Vikings destroyed by Connaughtmen at one point, perhaps several
Vikings of Waterford, Wexford, St. Mullins, Destroyed.
Dublin Vikings already attacking Scotland.
Major Split among Vikings:
1) son of Ivar.
2) Sicfrith.: led to defeat in 902
By mid 9th century intermarriage was common…………..
After 860 the term ‘pagan’ disappears, but returns with new invasions of 10th c.
Second Viking Invasions
Beginning in 10th century in Normandy- The Viking Rollo and the Danes settle in
Normandy and became Christian in return for lands.
Europe and England were now filled and stabilizing, so eyes turn back
to Ireland. We see Vikings arriving not from Scandinavia, but from
Scotland and the Isles and N. England.
Munster attacked and not prepared to defend, Irish marched to plain of
Cashel for battle, but indecisive. The King of Leinster was slain by Sitrics
Battle more between Irish and Sitric. but Irish badly defeated.
New King of Tara, Donnchad, raided Dublin and the Norse.
Dublin Norse held power, but also turned towards York
Major Attack on Armagh too place……
Dublin Vikings attack Vikings of Limerick to no avail.
Decade of Pirates on the Shannon, and on the North and NE Coast.
Vikings concentrating on wealth of York.
Scotland and Dublin
Irish King Muirchertach sails to Scotland and ‘ravaged’ the isles.
The greatness of Dublin had declined from around the mid 10th century
Stay tuned for the next session of “Irish Hedge Row History” with
the rise of the Dalcassions and Brian Boru….. – Mike O’Laughlin
…….So end the notes from the Irish Hedge Row today.
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About Your Session Leaders
Both Michael and Peter are graduates of Rockhurst University,
and have given lectures, exhibits, tours, and educational
seminars relating to Ireland since 1984.
Peter Reilly Adams
Hedge School Instructor
Peter teaches at every level of education, and holds several
Degrees, including a Masters in Liberal Arts. A New York City
native, he became a member of the Augustinian Recollect Order.
He served as Assistant to the Mayor; hosted the ‘Celtic Crossings’
radio show; and led tours to Ireland for 23 years from his home in
Kansas City, Kansas. Peter is a noted musician and vocalist.
Michael C. O’Laughlin
Mike O’Laughlin is the founder of the Irish hedge school.
He is the leading author and publisher of Irish Works
in the field of Irish Families, Genealogy and History.