Posts Tagged “Vikings”

Irish Hedge Row History. Session #13
Two Thousand Years of Irish History
From the Hedge School at www.Irishroots.com

Today:
The Battle of Clontarf and it’s aftermath.
Gorumla….

Listen to the complete Hedge Row History Series here:
http://www.irishroots.com/content/view/105/158/
______________________________________________________
See all of our sessions on Genealogy; Song; Travel;
Language; and History at the Hedge School here:
http://web.mac.com/irishpat/IrishRootsCafe/Hedge_School.html
_____________________________________________

Random notes on todays show:

Background Events to The Battle of Clontarf

1012 A.D.
Strife with province of Leinster and Dublin vs. Brian. Cenel Eogain rises.
Brian Fortifies Thomand (Clare)

1013 A.D.
Cenel Eogain goes to Kells, and MacSechnaill retreats, fighting continues.

1013 A.D.
Brian Boru moves on Dublin, and was blockaded till Christmas, but would
return.  The Norse of Dublin and the entire province rallied to Sitric, King of
Dublin, who went to the Orkneys and Man. Gained ships and support of several
Norse leaders.

Brian then raises some men from Connaught, but the north ‘stood down’
and did not participate, and the same for Osraige.  He had support of M.S.
but he is reported leaving on the eve of the battle..

March Begins

Brian marches to Dublin while his son Donnchad attacked the Province of
Leinster as a diversionary tactic..

Good Friday Begins

Battle takes place on Good Friday, April 23, 1014. The two opponents were
about equal and battled the whole day, with heavy losses.

Brian Killed
Brian slain in his tent by Norsemen who were fleeing the scene of defeat.
Norse records also say Brian was killed with a blow to the head, by Brodar,
as the Norse forces were finally fleeing the battlefield in defeat. Brodar is
also given as being slain in both Irish and Norse records. Brians son Murchad
and many Munster leaders slain as well.  Leading to a greatly weakened force
and decline of the Dalcassions for a decade or so.

The Viking Lives
Sitric, the King of Dublin, stayed in the city and lived. Brians son Donnchad
led the Munster army home. Brian was buried at Armagh with great ceremony.

This battle was not the exiling of the Norse from Ireland.  It was essentially
a battle between forces within Ireland for control.  It was the putting down
of a revolt by the province of Leinster and Dublin against Brian.
Everyone was weakened.

Brians grandson would later come to rule brutally in Leinster and Dublin.
The next major point in Irish History would be the coming of the Norman
invasion………..

‘Queen’ Gorumla
Brians wife Gormflaith (Gorumla) b.955   d.1030 – Vikings called her ‘Kormloda’
Three of Brians 4 reputed wives, little are known of.  Not so for Gorumla.
Gormflaith must have been amazing, and she was said to have been beautiful.

All the Kings with Gorumla
1) She marries first, Olaf, the Norse King of Dublin.
They have a son, Sitric, who became king of Norse Dublin.
This son opposed Brian Boru in Dublin, at the Battle of Clontarf 1014.
He also went to the islands of Orkney and Man to recruit help.

2) She second marries Malachy, King of the North of Ireland, who fought with
and against Brian Boru, and came to the Battle of Clontarf on Brians side. He
ruled as ard-ri after Brian for a while.

3) She marries thirdly, Brian Boru himself, but may have been put aside for
upon her death she was given as queen of Munster, not Queen of Ireland.
She is recorded also in Norse records as the instigator of the disaster at Clontarf.
No record of Brians physical appearance, not the ones used with more modern
arms, chain mail, etc…

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Stay tuned for the next session of “Irish Hedge Row History”.

…….So end the notes from the Irish Hedge Row today.
You can listen to the entire show at www.Irishroots.com.
Advertisers and sponsors welcome of course !
_________________________________________________
The Hedge School has 8 Broadcast series, including
Genealogy; History; Song; Travel; and Language.

All available on the iTunes Irish provider page (click below):
http://itunes.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewArtist?id=299857025
___________________________________________________________
Contact Us

You can reach the Irish Roots Cafe on Twitter and Facebook.
Also at www.IrishRoots.com and by mail at our U.S. location:

The Irish Roots Cafe
Box 7575
Kansas City, Missouri 64116
Leave a message on our Phone (816) 256-3360

Contact us for speaking engagements,
exhibits, and educational events. Since 1984.
©2009 IGF, This information is intended
for personal non-commercial use only.
Please apply for any other usage in writing.

Sponsors Welcome.
Remember to keep the hedge growing –
with your donation, subscription or membership.
– Thank you.
________________________________________________

About Your Session Leaders

Both Michael and Peter are graduates of Rockhurst University,
and have given lectures, exhibits, tours, and educational
seminars relating to Ireland since 1984.

Peter Reilly Adams
Hedge School Instructor
Peter  traces his roots to the County Fermanagh and County
Cavan. Growing up in the City of New York and influenced by
the Irish neighborhoods, he was educated in Catholic Schools
all his life and was a member of the Augustinian Recollect
Order. Now in Kansas City, Kansas, he has a Bacholar
Degree in  Philosophy, Theology and History and Masters
in Liberal Arts and Public Administration
He has taught at every level of education over the past 40
years and served as Assistant to the Mayor in Kansas City.
He was the host of the Irish Radio show, Celtic Crossings
and has led tours to Ireland for 23 years. He is a noted
musician and a talented vocalist.

Michael C. O’Laughlin
Poor Scholar
Mike O’Laughlin is the founder of the hedge school,
and is the leading author and publisher of Irish Works
in the field of Irish Families, Genealogy and History.

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Irish Hedge Row History. Session #11
Two Thousand Years of Irish History
From the Hedge School at www.Irishroots.com

_______________________________________
Meet Your Hedge Row Historty Hosts
At the Launch of our U.S. Workshops on Feb. 13,
Saturday 1:00 to 3:30, at the Irish Museum at
Union Station in Kansas City, Missouri
History – Language – Song – Genealogy included
Reserve your place today !
http://web.mac.com/irishpat/IrishRootsCafe/Hedge_School.html
email us or the Irish Museum info@irishmuseum.org
_______________________________________

Today:
Brian Boru Rises to High King, Dalcassions

Listen to the complete Hedge Row History Series here:
http://www.irishroots.com/content/view/105/158/
______________________________________________________
See all of our sessions on Genealogy; Song; Travel;
Language; and History at the Hedge School here:
http://web.mac.com/irishpat/IrishRootsCafe/Hedge_School.html
_____________________________________________

Random notes on parts of todays show:

Family History
Brians Tribe, The Dal Cais (Dalcassions or Dal gCas)
First Took the lands of Eastern County Clare in 934, first mention in Annals.
Two Branches of the Family at work.  Clare was in the Province of Munster.

Lorcon or Larkin was Brian Borus grandfather
Kennedy was Brians Father  ( Kennedy Mac Lorcon)

Birth of Brian
Brian Boru Born, per the Annals of Ulster (Four Masters not correct date).
Cellachan, King of Munster, released by Ui Neill defeating Dalcassions at
Mag Duine, Killing two of Kennedys sons. (who were Brians brothers)
Battle for the Kingship of Tara. Norse fought on both sides.

Brians Father
Kennedy Mac Lorcain holds Dalcassion kingship. The Ui Neill , Kings now
of Tara defeats them, Killing two more of Brian Borus brothers. but tribes to
the south were fragmented and warring…
Kennedy, Brians Father, dies when Brian is only 10. succeeded by son Lachtna.
who was killed in 953 by rival Dalcassions. His brother Mahon now leads.

DalgCas rise
The Northern Ui Neill made havoc for Southern Ui Neill, with the consent
of the Norse of Dublin, formerly Southern Ui Neill Ally.
The Southern Ui Neill defeats the Norse of Dublin and northern Ui Neill, but
the formers King (Callahan) was slain.  Kingship then in conflict for Province
of Leinster.

About now the Dalcassions were slowly controlling the Shannon river to the
North coming into conflict with the King of the Province of Connaught.
This also leaves them in battle for Kingship of Province of Munster.
Brians Brother Mahan now in charge of Dalcassions and he battles the
Mael Muad for kingship of Munster.

Cashel Falls to Brians brother
Mahon, Brians brother takes the stronghold of Cashel in Munster, and then
sacks the Viking stronghold of Limerick in 967, expelling  Ivar, the Viking King.
969. Mahon also allies himself with the Vikings of Waterford in this era.

No High King

Kingship of Ireland still in strife. Northern and Southern Ui Neill still battling.

Norse of Limerick Rebel against Mahon. 976 killed him by treachery being
captured by Donovan, when meeting under a truce at Bruree.
Brian Boru son of Kennedy, son of Larkin, becomes king of Munster.
Attacks his brothers killers, slays them. (slays the King of Munster Mael Muad)

Last Ui Neill King of Tara in the old style.  As they continued to fight northern
and southern Ui Neill.  Brians tribe become more powerful, eventually to
overthrow the last of the Ui Neill ard-ri  (High Kings).

All of this was leading to the Battle of Clontarf with Brian leading his forces
against Irish Leinster and the VIkings.

Strategies
Brian knew when to retreat as well as attack.
Constant revolts against his power were put down.
The North of Ireland had removed the Vikings but lost towns and trade
as a result.  The Dalcassions ruled the church at Killaloe and Emly. Brian
recognizes Armagh as the apostolic city of Ireland with tributes.
Was he the reformer and builder of schools that some have said ?

-Mike
________________________________________________

Stay tuned for the next session of “Irish Hedge Row History”.

…….So end the notes from the Irish Hedge Row today.
You can see the entire series at www.Irishroots.com.
Advertisers and sponsors welcome of course !
_________________________________________________
The Hedge School has 8 Broadcast series, including
Genealogy; History; Song; Travel; and Language.

All available on the iTunes Irish provider page (click below):
http://itunes.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewArtist?id=299857025
___________________________________________________________
Contact Us

You can reach the Irish Roots Cafe on Twitter and Facebook.
Also at www.IrishRoots.com and by mail at our U.S. location:

The Irish Roots Cafe
Box 7575
Kansas City, Missouri 64116
Leave a message on our Phone (816) 256-3360

Contact us for speaking engagements,
exhibits, and educational events. Since 1984.
©2009 IGF, This information is intended
for personal non-commercial use only.
Please apply for any other usage in writing.

Sponsors Welcome.
Remember to keep the hedge growing –
with your donation, subscription or membership.
– Thank you.
________________________________________________

About Your Session Leaders

Both Michael and Peter are graduates of Rockhurst University,
and have given lectures, exhibits, tours, and educational
seminars relating to Ireland since 1984.

Peter Reilly Adams
Hedge School Instructor
Peter  traces his roots to the County Fermanagh and County
Cavan. Growing up in the City of New York and influenced by
the Irish neighborhoods, he was educated in Catholic Schools
all his life and was a member of the Augustinian Recollect
Order. Now in Kansas City, Kansas, he has a Bacholar
Degree in  Philosophy, Theology and History and Masters
in Liberal Arts and Public Administration
He has taught at every level of education over the past 40
years and served as Assistant to the Mayor in Kansas City.
He was the host of the Irish Radio show, Celtic Crossings
and has led tours to Ireland for 23 years. He is a noted
musician and a talented vocalist.

Michael C. O’Laughlin
Poor Scholar
Mike O’Laughlin is the founder of the hedge school,
and is the leading author and publisher of Irish Works
in the field of Irish Families, Genealogy and History.

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