Posts Tagged “History”

From the Irish Roots Cafe Broadcast Network.
The Plantation of Ireland, Video Short. #8. Advance Shownotes.
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Filmed live at the Irish Roots Festival workshops this year.
Todays Video Topic:

Time: 1:52
The Plantation of Ireland and the Wild Geese
Genealogy and Historical Record
http://www.irishroots.com/id4055.htm

All Lands Lost
Quoting the text we find that:
“With only two, or perhaps three exceptions, every native landlord, and
every native tenant within the bounds of the six counties was dispossessed
and displaced; and although a few of both classes were afterwards
permitted to share slightly in the great land-spoil, it was only in some other
and less attractive localities than their own”.
Indeed many would eventually come to the shores of North America and
other foreign lands as a result of this loss.
Of the main families the records show that the Maguires (or McGuires) who
occupied Fermanagh; The O’Hanlons who occupied ONealan and Orior; The
Macanas or the McCanns of Clann Breasail (Clanbrazill); and the
MacMahons of Monaghan; the ORiellys, the O’Cahans and others, had a long
and distinguished history. How had several families in the area ‘disappeared’
by the 19th century ? ”

Transfer of Land in Ireland

We focus today on the settlement of people mainly from England
and Scotland, and the old Irish families who lost the land. Under the
authority of the British Crown, it was a time of massive upheaval.
Untold numbers of Irish were forced from family lands. and the arrival
of new people who acquired the lands created a period of great unrest.
The time of this trouble is on and around the year 1609, and it is
referred to as ‘ The Plantation of Ulster.’   ( The new settlers were then,
‘planted’ in Ireland.)

Rare Manuscripts and State Papers

The best source to inform serious researchers on this period that
we have available is “The Conquest of Ireland: An Historical Account of
the Plantation in Ireland”.  It is a rare work documenting the settlement,
right down to the names of the old and new landholders.
The author introduces his work as follows “The contents of this
volume (vol. 1), may be described.. as a compilation from State Papers
relating to the Plantation of Ulster… the Calendars  of the Carew Manuscripts,
and of other important collections of Irish State Papers”. Before the Carew
Manuscripts little was known of the seven year struggle (1595 – 1602). For a
time before 1588 English rule was actually rather mysteriously popular, and
Shane O’Neill was finally defeated in 1567 by the O’Donnells rather than the government.”

Wild Geese

This period of time in Ireland created many ‘Wild Geese”.  Those fleeing
Ireland for a time, perhaps vowing to return in triumph one day.
This included the Irish nobility such as O’Neill and O’Donnell, as well as
many who joined the armed forces of other countries as a result of exile
from Ireland.  The term ‘wild geese’ has been used for several similar periods in Irish history.

Sources
The plantation records around these events were of such value and
variety, that Hill prepared a history based upon and including these
manuscripts. The records were taken from the Patent Rolls of the
Period, the Inquisitions of Ulster, The Barony Maps of 1609, and other
original sources. The publication of this history and those documents
is of inestimable value to us today. A review of these volumes follows:
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The Fall of Irish Chiefs and Clans
Volume 1 shows Ireland and her families as they were before the fall,
and as the plantation began. Volumes II, III & IV give more specific
details, right down to Pynnars record of each plot of land after the
upheaval. This is a rare record of the transfer of land to new owners
in Ireland. The 19th century historical footnotes are a history unto
themselves. The new surname index added to each volume is very
helpful for family research.

Specific list of jurors and list of those with lands are also given, such as:
“6th July, 1609.. applications are made by: James Carmichaell, of Pottieshaw,
in name of David Carmichaell his son, with Mr. John Ross, burgess of
Glasgow, as cautioner, 1,000 acres”.
“George Murray, of Bruchtoun,with Alexander Dumbar, of Egirnes…2,000 acres”.
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Volume 2 - Names in the Land Grants.
Itemized land grants to English, Scots, and Irish. Identity of the specific
persons, location of lands, with historical commentary.
The Land Grants in this work are taken from the Patent Rolls of the reign
of James I and from the printed Ulster Inquisitions. The book is most
importantly arranged with the following sections:

Land Grants for the English (Undertakers), complete with names.
Land Grants for the Scottish (Undertakers), complete with names
Land Grants for the Servitors, complete with names
Land Grants to the Native Irish, complete with names

One short example of a land grant in Co. Tyrone follows:
Grant to Neale OQuin, gent, Ballineloughy, one balliboe, containing 60 acres
Rent 13 s

Family Information
We are not left with only the dry ‘census’ type information here. Take the
example of Sir Richard Waldron, who is given with lands in the Precinct of
Loughtee, in County Cavan. Below the listings of his lands we find footnotes
telling us that Richard was the son of John Waldron, that he became a
knight, that there is record of a petition from him in 1610, and that his son,
Thomas Waldron came to live on the land there as well. This type of
commentary is often given on families found in the records.

Name Changes Documented
We also find many notations on family names and the spelling
of the same. Take the name Smelhome on the land record, which this book
also tells us is found as Smailholme in Scotland, and as Smethorne in an
inquisition in 1629. Take the name of ‘Cooke’, which was an alias of ‘Gray’ for one settler; and the name Calefield which was also spelled as Caulfield. Very helpful information if you are trying to trace someone in the family.
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Volume 3 – Londonderry Lands and Families.
Londoners Settle in Ireland
This volume tells the story of the Londoners coming to settle in Ireland.
The settlement included the lands of: Loughinsholin, which had previously
belonged to Tyrone; the old county of Coleraine which had belonged to
OCahane; a small portion of the county of Donegal, including the island on
which the city of Derry stood; and a small portion of County Antrim
adjoining Coleraine. These were handed over to twelve London companies
for plantation … and united to form the the present county of Londonderry
(Derry).

Fall of Local Irish Families
The chief early Irish septs of this area were the OCahanes (Cahan or Kane), the OMullanes (Mullens or Mullins), the Magilliganes (Gilligan), and the McCloskies (McClusky).(See book index for full listings).
The background of the various Irish septs are given with notes on their status at that time. Important notes on persons and names are also given. For example, O’Cahan is found ridiculously translated as ‘Quyvally'; the story of how John O’Reilly became the ‘Queens’ O’Reilly; Mr. Canning we are told, had a wife named Anne who was the daughter of Gilbert Walker, of Walford, in Worcester, and they had three sons, and so on…

Here we also find footnotes to the text, telling us that Tristam Beresford was one of seven sons of Michael Beresford and Rose Knevitt, from the parish of Westram in the County of Kent. The footnotes go beyond these kinds of notes, into everyday life and customs of the day.
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Volume 4 – A Special Census of Ireland; Pynnars Survey.
Pynnars Survey was to provide a report on each owner of land and its status in Counties Armagh, Tyrone, Donegal, Cavan, Fermanagh;……
Pynnars Survey gives us the real names of landholders, and the location/ condition of their property in Ireland. This includes Counties Armagh, Tyrone, Donegal, Cavan, and Fermanagh with notes on Londonderry. It was originally compiled as a result of the 17th century plantation of Ireland (1609+). A landholders census record, it set about to give us the results of the ‘planting’ of families from outside Ireland onto Irish lands. Here, Pynnar gives us the name and condition of Undertakers, servitors, and principal natives on these Ulster lands. The footnotes by Hill are of particular note, at times bringing updates into the 19th century.

A sample from a small entry:

Sir Alexander Hamilton(55) the first patentee. Jane Hamilton (56), late wife to Claude Hamilton, deceased, hath 2,000 acres, called Carrotobber and Clonkine. Upon this Proportion there is a strong castle, and a Bawne of Lime and Stone thouroughly finished with her family living there (….and in the over 1/2 page of footnotes on this family are given other inhabitants in 1629, namely George Griffin, Francis Cofyn, Stephen Hunt, and Richard Lighterfoot, all of whom had been granted deeds.)
As throughout this whole series, there are many notes on family names, locations and backgrounds. Of the name of John Whisher, Hill gives that it is ‘now’ written as Wishart, and that Carew writes it as Wyhard, and that he had returned to Scotland and returned and suffered many misfortunes. We also find lists of tenants who were not landowners in addition to the ‘census’ type material.
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Summary
I thought this an important work for anyone interested in Irish

Genealogy or History. As a result we published this work as a hardbound 4 volume set.  It is much more than a listing of names, it is a specific look at the history of the day, which continues to affect the Irish into modern times.  For a more detailed look, complete with a photograph of the completed set, visit my web page at:
http://www.irishroots.com/id4055.htm
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Listen to  the Irish Song and Recitation Broadcasts here:
You can get all of our broadcasts on our web page at www.Irishroots.com

You can also see all of our broadcasts on iTunes, just click the link below:
Itumes provider page:

http://itunes.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewArtist?id=299857025
_______________________________________________________
You can participate
Yes, I am always looking for interviews with experts and with
everyday Irish.  Drop me a note from my web page anytime.
Feel free to send your Irish related book for review, or to request
an interview as an author or historian of any sort.
_________________________________________________________

Upcoming Free Videos in this series include:
9. Irish Coats of Arms and Tartans
10. Timeline of old Irish Books
11. Irish Family Names and spellings
12. Kansas City Irish History
13. St. Louis Irish History
14. Thanks from the Cafe
15. Missouri Irish Song and History
– End of Season One –
_________________________________________________________
Please do send your comments and suggestions for our next episodes !
Phone 816-256-3360 to leave your thoughts on my recorder
All items mentioned here are found on our web page at www.Irishroots.com
_________________________________________________________

About the Cafe
The Irish Roots Cafe is the leading publisher of Irish Books, Podcasts
and Videos for Historians and Family Researchers.  See all of our
offerings at www.Irishroots.com.
A leader in online genealogy – we created the first weekly podcast on
Irish Genealogy in 2006, and are the sole publisher of rare Irish works.

Among our free audio and video broadcast series are:
1) Irish Roots Cafe, genealogy and history podcast (audio broadcast )
2) Irish Families (photo enhanced of above podcast)
3) The Irish in America (audio broadcast)
4) The Irish Song and Recitation Festival (audio broadcast)
5) Irish Roots Cafe Videos  (video podcast )

We also publish books, for example:
The Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters
The Irish Book of Arms.  (Coats of Arms and Heraldry)
The Book of Irish Families, great & small.
The Irish Families 34 book genealogy set.

_______________________________________________________________
Want to become a member of the Irish Roots Cafe ? ( click here )

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From the Irish Roots Cafe Broadcast Network. Shownotes.
Video Shorts #7, The Irish Families Project explained
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Filmed live at the Irish Roots Festival workshops this year.

Time: 2:49
The Irish Families Project
See the video here:
http://www.irishroots.com/content/view/100/133/

Learn More about volumes 1 – 8 here:
http://www.irishroots.com/id406X.htm

Learn More about volumes 9 – 34 here:
http://www.irishroots.com/id490X.htm

What is The Irish Families project ?
A 34 book set on Irish Family history and genealogy, the
largest collection ever in print. Research for this project began in
1978 by author/editor Michael O’Laughlin. The final volume was
published in 2009, with an final index appearing in 2009 -2010.
The complete set contains over 3,000 pages and 1,000 illustrations.
It is available as a set or as individual books from www.Irishroots.com

What does it contain ?
Volume 1
The first volume, “The Book of Irish Families, great & small”,
contains three sections:  (see also video on this volume alone).
This book alone contains more names tied to specific locations
than any other book in print.  It also contains the master index
to the entire series. (see below for more).
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Volumes 2 – 8.
These are hardbound volumes focusing exclusively on families
from one specific county in Ireland. They are for the following
counties: Kerry; Clare; Cork; Limerick; Galway; Dublin; and Donegal.
You will note that all of these counties have two books in the county
series, each with differing information. They are also found in the
spiral bound books in the series, described below.  They are titled:
“Families of County Kerry, Ireland” and so forth.
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Volume 9 – 34
The final books to the series are spiral bound and contain more information
on every county in Ireland – by county.  They focus on real records and
repositories within the county. Real life records are included.  These focus
not as much on family histories as the earlier volumes. You will find arms
from the Irish Book of arms for families within the county, the census of
1659 for the county if it exists, maps of the counties, place name listings,
names and addresses of whom to write, and excerpts from different records
within the county. These books are to help you research within the county
and find your family.  All volumes contain a surname index for researchers.
We include records as we found them, sometimes  old and faded, but the
real thing never the less.
They are titled:  ‘Genealogy and Family History notes of County ———–’
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For those who have not yet seen the blog or video on volume one,
Here are the 3 sections to volume one:

Section One of the Book of Irish Families
The first section contains family history from every county in
Ireland and Northern Ireland. This includes locations, coats of
arms, spellings of the name, and family history.  This material
in this book starts the family history collection in each county.
Several thousand families are found in this first section.
Later volumes continue the story on a county by county basis.

Section Two of the Book of Irish Families
The second section is the master location index.  It is included
to help research rare family names, variant spellings and locations.
Included are all the names from the 1659 census, the Birth Index,
and from special reports in our files. Many names are tied to a
specific Poor Law Union in Ireland. Most are tied simply to a county.
Section one contained family history, this section is strictly for locating
a county or Poor Law Union in Ireland connected to the name, and
possible variant spellings of the name.
There are some 18,000 families in this section, section two.

Section Three of the Book of Irish Families
This contains the Master Index to the entire Irish Families Project.
It will tell you if your surname, perhaps under several spellings, appears
in the other county books in the set. The volume number is given to
tell you which county book it is in.  There are over 45,000 family names
in this section, each tied to a specific county book. This book, which
includes all three sections is titled:
“The Book of Irish Families, great and small” by O’Laughlin
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Note from the author
When we started out in 1978, I did not imagine that this Irish family research
project would span 5 decades.  After many years of research in private
and public repositories, in Ireland and America, we have the final
set published in 2009, and final index published independently in 2010.

Our aim was to help people find and research their Irish family history.
Experienced researchers know that to include the family history of every
family in every county would take a book as big as a railroad car. This obviously
is impossible in printed form.
We have, however, managed to amass the first collection of its kind in print.
There are more names, illustrated arms and locations in this source than
in any before it.
I hope it will start many on their way to more complete Irish family history.
_________________________________________________________

Listen to  the Irish Roots Cafe History and Genealogy Broadcast here:
You can get all of our broadcasts on our web page at www.Irishroots.com

You can also see all of our broadcasts on iTunes, just click the link below:
Itumes provider page:  http://itunes.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewArtist?id=299857025
_______________________________________________________
You can participate
Yes, I am always looking for interviews with experts and with
everyday Irish.  Drop me a note from my web page anytime.
Feel free to send your Irish related book for review, or to request
an interview as an author or historian of any sort.
_________________________________________________________

Upcoming Free Videos in this series include:

8. The Plantation of settlers in Ireland & The Wild Geese
9. Irish Coats of Arms and Tartans
10. Timeline of old Irish Books
11. Irish Family Names and spellings
12. Kansas City Irish History
13. St. Louis Irish History
14. Thanks from the Cafe
15. Missouri Irish Song and History

– End of Season One –
_________________________________________________________
Please do send your comments and suggestions for our next episodes !
Phone 816-256-3360 to leave your thoughts on my recorder
All items mentioned here are found on our web page at www.Irishroots.com
_________________________________________________________

About the Cafe
The Irish Roots Cafe is the leading publisher of Irish Books, Podcasts
and Videos for Historians and Family Researchers.  See all of our
offerings at www.Irishroots.com.
A leader in online genealogy – we created the first weekly podcast on
Irish Genealogy in 2006, and are the sole publisher of rare Irish works.

Among our free audio and video broadcast series are:
1) Irish Families, genealogy and history podcast (audio broadcast )
2) Irish Families (photo enhanced podcast)
3) The Irish in America (audio broadcast)
4) The Irish Song and Recitation Festival (audio broadcast)
5) Irish Roots Cafe Videos  (video podcast )

We also publish books, for example:
The Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters
The Irish Book of Arms.  (Coats of Arms and Heraldry)
The Book of Irish Families, great & small.
The Irish Families 34 book genealogy set by county.

_______________________________________________________________
Want to become a member of the Irish Roots Cafe ? ( click here )

Comments Comments Off