O’Neill, Cromwell, King Charles, Confederation, Land Loss

Irish Hedge Row History. Session #17
Two Thousand Years of Irish History
From the Irish Roots Cafe at www.Irishroots.com

Today:  The Cromwellian Era in 17th century Ireland.

Listen to the complete Hedge Row History Series here:
See all of our sessions on Genealogy; Song; Travel;
Language; and History here:

Random notes from Mike on todays show

Oct. 1641: Rebellion in Ulster.
Military operation by O’Neill; Maguire; O’Reilly;
McMahon; O’Moore. English exaggerated the
‘bloody massacre’.

Owen Roe O’Neill sent food and supplies
in ‘42 he arrived on the scene. War lasted 10 years
Became a battle of the King Charles I vs. Parliament

March: Act for Adventurers,
promising 2 1/2 million acres for Protestant investors
Would become major reason for needing to take Irish
land after war.

Old English members of Parliament urged King Charles I
to end war by reforms, not by battle, and give control to
Ormond (Butler).

By beginning of 1642 rebellion spread throughout Ireland.
Lord Gormans town led old English of Pale to unite with
Ulstermen at the seige of Drogheda.
(July) Owen Roe O’Neill arrives.
Scottish army arrives to protect Scottish settlers in Ulster
vs. O’Neill.
Archbishop O’Reilly at Synod in Kells, proposed joint
laymen and clergy council for government in this
‘Just’ war.

(May) National congregation met in Kilkenny, joined with
nobles, lawyers, merchants. Set up provisional government
(to be the Confederation)

(Oct.) General Assembly met for first time at Kilkenny, old
English and Irish.
“The Confederate Catholics of Ireland”
Papal representatives turned the main purpose away from
land restoration to religion.
King against Parliament and for the Irish
King Charles said he would deal directly with the
Confederacy, so Charles would be leading the battle
against his own parliament army.
Amidst claims in Parliament between Irish and
Protestant, King favors Catholic Papal representative
tied himself strictly to alliance with O’Neill.

Surrender of King Charles to the Scots, and they gave
him to Parliament in 1646. Settled nothing in Ireland.
Confederate victory for Ireland in N. and NW Ireland,
with great victory for O’Neill at Benburb.

O’Neill marches to Kilkenny with army and papal
nuncio they deposed and imprisoned the supreme
council, who had ratified the Ormond Peace Treaty.
Changes of Heart in many of these parties. Confusion
among Irish confederates
Penal Laws – 2 phases  – summary of penal laws to 1700
1) Elizabethan Church Settlement & Penal Code
1692 – 1697 (Parliament)

2) 1560 Acts were to support State Religion
(supremacy oath) vs. Presbyterians
Had to go to Church on Sundays / Bishops not elected.
9 years war cost 1million pound a year.
Kerry had 540 Catholic Landowners in 1641 almost
none in 1697.
Wexford had 157, then none. But resulted in one system
of law. local government,
A century of ‘public order’ to follow in the 1700’s
Stay tuned for the next session of “Irish Hedge Row History”.

…….So end the notes from the Irish Hedge Row today.
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About Your Session Leaders

Both Michael and Peter are graduates of Rockhurst University,
and have given lectures, exhibits, tours, and educational
seminars relating to Ireland since 1984.

Peter Reilly Adams
Hedge School Session Leader
Peter  traces his roots to the County Fermanagh and County
Cavan. Growing up in the City of New York and influenced by
the Irish neighborhoods, he was educated in Catholic Schools
all his life and was a member of the Augustinian Recollect
Order. Now in Kansas City, Kansas, he has a Bacholar
Degree in  Philosophy, Theology and History and Masters
in Liberal Arts and Public Administration
He has taught at every level of education over the past 40
years and served as Assistant to the Mayor in Kansas City.
He was the host of the Irish Radio show, Celtic Crossings
and has led tours to Ireland for 23 years. He is a noted
musician and a talented vocalist.

Michael C. O’Laughlin
Poor Scholar
Mike O’Laughlin is the founder of the Irish Roots Cafe,
and is the leading author and publisher of Irish Works
in the field of Irish Families, Genealogy and History.

About Mike

Mike is the worlds most published author in his field, with over 40 books, 700 articles, two newsletters, a blog, 200 podcasts and 170 videos. He also publishes rare books like "The Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters" and Keatings "History of Ireland". Mike also sings in the Irish (Gaeilge) Language, with 3 albums to his credit. Mike descends from the O’Loughlins of Kilfenora, County Clare, and the O’Donahues of Glenflesk, County Kerry and also bears Sullivan, Buckley, Kilmartin, Llewellyn and Kelliher roots. He has led tours to Ireland and maintains a 3,000 volume Irish library.
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